Health care policy refers to the plans, decisions, and actions that governments and health organizations undertake within a given society, according to the World Health Organization. It intends to arrive at desired health care objectives for the good of the people in a particular society.
Usually, health care policies are geared towards the financing and delivery of quality health care, access to medical care, and improvement of the general health of a given human population. Examples of health care policies include public health, the campaign for proper breastfeeding routines, tobacco control, and pharmaceutical policy. In most jurisdictions, it is the responsibility of the government to implement health care policies with the aim of providing gainful and universal healthcare to the population. Additionally, individuals have the duty to gain access and pay for health care services and goods.
Non-governmental organizations and private sector have the duty to conduct research and provide useful insights into varying health care policies. Examples of these research phenomena include HIV/AIDS research, sexual and reproductive rights, maternal care, and rehabilitation programs. Health care policies are used universally as the points of reference for the establishment, development, implementation, and review of health care strategies. The World Health Organization is the leading intergovernmental agency for the advancement of global health care policy. While it builds consensus from countries, it also sensitizes citizens.