Doctors that perform hand surgery can be plastic surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons or general surgeons, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Surgeons become full members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand by completing an extra year of specialized training and passing a comprehensive certification examination.
Some of the conditions that hand surgeons treat include carpal tunnel syndrome, sports injuries to the hand or wrist, chronic hand pain, re-attaching fingers, and major lacerations on the hand or fingers. However, not all of these conditions always need to be treated with surgery. Hand surgeons can also recommend non-invasive options, such as physical therapy or occupational therapy.