Gynecologists diagnose and treat many conditions in women, including hormonal cancers, amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, polycystic ovarian syndrome and problems relating to pregnancy and childbirth. Gynecologists help women maintain their health by scheduling routine annual exams and seeing patients when problems arise. Conditions and problems gynecologists treat range from annoying but generally harmless conditions like urinary incontinence to serious issues such as ovarian, breast and bladder cancer.
Gynecologists treat conditions that arise throughout women's lives, along with congenital and hereditary problems. For accurate diagnosis and treatment, gynecologists might prescribe medication or coordinate care with other physicians, such as oncologists. As specialists of female reproductive systems, gynecologists focus on problems dealing with the organs, nerves and other structures in the female reproductive system. They evaluate cysts or fibroids and provide treatment for organ-specific problems, such as ovarian cysts, polyps, tumors and general malfunction. Gynecologists analyze pelvic complaints, diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease, pain, premenstrual syndrome and other issues.
Women seek the professional assistance of gynecologists for control and management of health conditions affecting many areas of their lives, according to WebMD. Young women, pregnant women and postmenopausal women derive particular benefits from gynecological care. Since women often share intimate knowledge with gynecologists, finding compatible health care providers is key. This includes choosing professionals by gender, insurance, referrals, area of specialty and more.