Gynecologists are medical doctors who specialize in women's health, providing services for preventing, treating and diagnosing issues of the female reproductive system. Gynecologists work with women of all ages. They might perform regular health screenings for cancer and other diseases, oversee pregnancies, and prescribe surgery or other remedies for disorders and abnormalities.
Gynecologists often work with teams of specialists, including nurses and surgeons. They perform routine testing, such as pap smears and screenings for STDs. Gynecologists read the results of those tests to check for abnormalities. Upon discovering problems, they create a diagnosis and prescribe treatment. They authorize treatments including medicine and surgery.
For women of child-bearing age, gynecologists offer services in family planning and management. They also help women with problems surrounding health and pregnancy, such as menstrual irregularities and pregnancy complications. Gynecologists also provide age-specific remedies for older, post-menopausal women, including hormone therapy.
Among the most important functions of gynecologists is to detect, diagnose and treat cancers, such as ovarian cancer. They understand the common symptoms of cancer, and perform diagnostic tests and screenings upon patients' descriptions of suspicious symptoms. Gynecologists often perform regular screenings of patients deemed at a higher risk of cancer to ensure their optimal health.