The Green Revolution refers to the introduction of new agriculture methods that began in Mexico in 1945. The Green Revolution was initiated by the Mexican government to start new varieties of grain in the country to feed the growing population, according to Reference.com. USAID director William Gaud created the term “Green Revolution” in comparison to the “Red Revolution” of the Soviets and the “White Revolution” of the Shah of Iran.
Starting in 1945 and going into the late 1960s, American researcher Norman E. Borlaug and Mexico researchers genetically altered seeds and corn that would withstand the elements and produce more grains and corn. Once the Green Revolution was initiated, it took Mexico a little over a decade to be able to self-sufficiently supply themselves with wheat. In under twenty years, Mexico was able to export half a million tons of wheat around the world.
The Green Revolution's success was significant; it fed a country and also gave them a source of income. The success earned Borlaug the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize, and the Green Revolution has spawned success in other nations such as India and the Philippines. There has been less success with the process in Africa due to government disorganization. There is some criticism of the methods used in the Green Revolution due to its use of fertilizer and scientifically altered seeds.