Adopted students who left the foster-care system after age 16 are eligible for a federal Education and Training Voucher of up to $5,000 per year for college tuition or a vocational program, according to Foster Care to Success. Current and former foster-care children who aren't adopted also are eligible.
Students who were 13 or older when they were adopted from foster care also can claim independent-student status on their Free Application for Federal Student Aid. This allows students to exclude their families' income and increases their chances of receiving financial aid, notes the North American Council on Adoptable Children. Individual states also offer a variety of financial help, such as tuition waivers for state universities.