General policies for sick leave typically include defining a set number of days or hours available to each employee over a given period of time, rules for utilizing the time, and the need to fill out and submit a form to managers or supervisors. Some companies may include additional requirements for notifying managers about using the time or being available during the time off.
Many companies offer employees the ability to refrain from reporting in to work due to an illness, known as sick leave, which may include the right to earn normal pay rates during that period. A company's sick leave policy typically begins by explaining the scope and purpose of the program, such as differentiating it from a paid time off program or vacation program. It also outlines the amount of time available to each employee, with each company offering a different format in compliance with state and federal labor laws. Some companies may also offer employees unlimited sick leave, under certain circumstances.
The policy includes instructions on how to file for use of the available time, which may include filling out specific paperwork and submitting it to a manager before it begins. The policy may have additional requirements regarding communicating the employee's absence and following up on appropriate responsibilities or obligations. If the program has time limitations, it also explains when the time renews and what happens if an employee runs out of available sick leave time.