A decedent’s personal representative files a final tax return for a deceased person in the same manner the person would file if he were alive, according to the Internal Revenue Service. The return reports the decedent’s income and claims all deductions and credits to which the decedent is entitled.
A personal representative may be an administrator, an executor or another person who is in charge of the property of the decedent, according to the IRS. This person is usually named in the decedent’s will or appointed by the court if the decedent died without a will. The personal representative can file all tax returns and represent the decedent’s estate in all tax matters until the estate’s final disposition.
Income up to the date of death must be reported using whichever form the decedent qualifies to file, including forms 1040, 1040-A or 1040-EZ, notes the IRS. If tax is due, the decedent’s estate is required to pay it, or if the amount due cannot be paid immediately, the personal representative may ask for an installment agreement or payment plan. If the decedent is due a refund, the personal representative may claim the refund on behalf of the decedent by filing Form 1310, Statement of Person Claiming Refund Due a Deceased Taxpayer.