Applicants file for Medicare through the Social Security Administration online, by phone or in person at a Social Security office, reports Medicare. Applicants file for Supplemental Security Income during an interview with a Social Security representative by phone or in person, states the Social Security Administration.
Those eligible for Medicare include people 65 years old and over, disabled people and those with End-Stage Renal Disease, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Some people are automatically enrolled in the Medicare program and receive Medicare cards by post just before their 65th birthday or after they have been disabled for 25 months, states Medicare. Applicants have a seven-month window of three months before their 65th birthday, the month of their 65th birthday, and three months after they turn 65 to apply for Medicare. Otherwise, they may have to pay ongoing higher premiums for late enrollment.
Supplemental Security Income is available to those who are disabled, blind, or age 65 or over, as reported by the Social Security Administration. They must be U.S. citizens or resident aliens and have limited income or resources. Applicants file for SSI benefits by making an appointment for a telephone or in-person interview. After filling out the initial application forms, SSI representatives work with applicants to come up with documents that provide proof of eligibility. If medical verification of disability or blindness is needed, Social Security provides medical examinations.