Employees who feel that they have experienced job discrimination as a result of their race, religion, gender, national origin, age or disability can file a complaint with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by mailing a letter to the EEOC or visiting a local EEOC agency in person, reports FindLaw. The EEOC does not allow the filing of complaints online, but employees can initiate the process and set up a local appointment by calling the EEOC's toll-free complaints number.
The EEOC provides a Web-based assessment tool that employees can use to determine whether the particulars of their cases are appropriate for the EEOC to handle. The assessment results can then be printed out and used to create a letter of complaint or taken to an in-person appointment. The assessment tool and a list of local EEOC offices is available at Eeoc.gov.
A complaint letter should include the employee's name, address and telephone number; the name, address and telephone number of the employer; a description of the discriminatory violation; and the date of the violation. Complaints must be filed within 180 days of the alleged violation, states the EEOC. Federal employees and job applicants must follow a separate complaint process, which is explained on the EEOC website.