EDGAR is the federal employer identification number database for all public companies that operate in the United States. EDGAR is maintained by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The databases name, EDGAR, stands for Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval.
Any public company that operates in the United States is required to obtain a federal employer identification number, also known as an EIN. The EINs are stored in a database referred to as EDGAR. The database is part of the public record and can be searched for free. Private and non-profit companies are not required to use EDGAR, but their EINs can be found in other databases. Private companies are often listed in Westlaw or Lexis, while non-profits can be found in GuideStar.