Inpatient, outpatient, family planning, home health and nursing facility services are mandatory Medicaid benefits, according to Medicaid.gov. Other essential benefits include qualified pediatric and family nurse practitioner services, transportation to medical care, federally certified health center services, and laboratory and X-ray services.
All eligible Medicaid enrollees have access to prenatal care, children's vaccines, early and periodic screening, and diagnostic and treatment services for minors younger than 21, notes Medical News Today. Physician services, rural health clinic services and nurse-midwife services are compulsory services as well.
Aside from the mandatory benefits, states can also offer optional health and medical services while still receiving federal matching funds, reports Medical News Today. These optional services include rehabilitation and physical therapy services, community-based care for patients with chronic conditions, diagnostic services, and prosthetic devices.