Farming began during the First Agricultural Revolution around the year 10,000 B.C.E. The Mesopotamians built the first simple irrigation system to assist with watering crops around the year 7000 B.C.E.Continue Reading
In 1940, the average American farmer grew enough food to feed 19 other people; by 2006, the average farmer could feed 144 people. This is partially because the average American farm grew in size. As of 2015, the average U.S. farm is 441 acres, a large increase from the 155-acre average in 1935. The market value of American agriculture products was $200 billion in 2002. That translated to about $94,000 per farm.
Agricultural exports generated 841,000 full-time civilian jobs, including 482,000 jobs in the nonfarm sector, according to a 2006 report by the United States Department of Agriculture. In 2007, American farms sold nearly $300 billion in goods, which is larger than the gross domestic product of some countries, including Ireland, Finland and the United Arab Emirates. As of 2015, California is the most productive agricultural state in America, with a $35 billion agricultural industry. Nine of the 10 most productive counties in the nation in agricultural output are in California, and it is the only state that grows almonds, raisins and walnuts.Learn more about Agriculture