What does "F.D." mean on a coin?


Quick Answer

The letters "F.D" are inscribed on all British coins and stand for Fidei Defensor, which translates from Latin to "Defender of the Faith." Fidei Defensor has been used as a subtitle for all British monarchs and appears on the same side of the coin as the monarch's head.

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What does "F.D." mean on a coin?
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Full Answer

The title of Fidei Defensor was originally bestowed by Pope Leo X to King Henry VIII of England in 1521. It has been used on coins, sometimes also as FID DEF, since the reign of King George I in 1714. The Royal Mint left the inscription off coins minted in 1849, but after an uproar of protest the initials were reinstated.

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