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Titanium is obtained through mining its ores, mostly in the form of titanium oxide in the minerals rutile and ilmenite, from open pits. The titanium oxide in these minerals must first be purified, then converted to titanium chloride, before titanium can be obtained. Titanium is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, but its mining and processing must be managed with expense and environmental concerns in mind.

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  • How much does it cost to start a magazine?

    Q: How much does it cost to start a magazine?

    A: Creating a magazine requires nothing more than content, a printer and ink. However, according to Entrepreneur Media Inc., getting a first issue of a magazine in stores can cost around $15,000 in total, but local stores might be willing to offer a discount for local magazines.
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  • How far apart are telephone poles situated?

    Q: How far apart are telephone poles situated?

    A: Telephone poles, also called utility poles, differ in their spacing when located in urban versus rural areas. Within a U.S. urban landscape, utility poles tend to be spaced 125 feet apart. In rural areas, utility poles are spaced as much as 300 feet apart.
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  • What is crude oil used for?

    Q: What is crude oil used for?

    A: Crude oil is refined into a variety of petroleum products that are used, like gasoline and heating oil, according to the University of Delaware Sea Grant Program. The refining process results in three major grades of consumer oil.
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  • Why are alloys used instead of pure metals?

    Q: Why are alloys used instead of pure metals?

    A: Alloys are used because they are often harder than pure metal. Making alloys usually involves mixing one harder element with a metal to create a stronger item.
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  • What is an example of intangible service in a restaurant?

    Q: What is an example of intangible service in a restaurant?

    A: Mortons restaurant provided a stellar example of intangible restaurant customer service when it responded to a tweet from author and business consultant, Peter Shankman. Mr. Shankman was at the airport when he jokingly sent Mortons a tweet stating he desired to have a porterhouse steak waiting for him upon his arrival at Newark Airport. When Shankman arrived in Newark, Mortons delivered a full steak dinner after obtaining his flight information.
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  • What is the difference between the public sector and the private sector?

    Q: What is the difference between the public sector and the private sector?

    A: The public sector consists of organizations that are owned and operated by the government, while the private sector consists of organizations that are privately owned and that do not form part of the government. The public sector includes organizations run by federal, state and municipal government bodies.
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  • What is the National Association of Professional Pet Sitters?

    Q: What is the National Association of Professional Pet Sitters?

    A: The National Association of Professional Pet Sitters, or NAPPS, is a nonprofit trade organization that provides business resources for pet sitters and helps pet owners find high-quality care. Companies, employees and individual pet sitters apply for paid membership, gaining access to publications, conferences and other business enrichment opportunities. NAPPS influences industry standards through certification tests. It also offers pet sitters health and liability insurance through Business Insurers of the Carolinas.
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  • What is sand fracking?

    Q: What is sand fracking?

    A: Sand fracking is when sand is used as a proppant and blasted into a gas shale well to promote the production of gas. Sand is mixed with industrial fluids and water during hydraulic fracturing to force open underground cracks where natural gas is produced.
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  • What do we use oil for?

    Q: What do we use oil for?

    A: Oil has many industrial and household uses. Crude oil, a non-renewable fossil fuel, is refined into gasoline and diesel fuels that power automobiles and other engines. Oil is also used to lubricate moving metal parts in order to reduce friction and heat. Kerosene and propane are by-products of oil refinement and are commonly used for home heating and cooking.
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  • What are examples of primary industries?

    Q: What are examples of primary industries?

    A: Primary industries are those that harvest or extract raw materials from nature; they include agriculture, oil and gas extraction, logging and forestry, mining, fishing and trapping. In many countries, primary industries provide raw materials for manufacturing and heavy industries and are a stable economic base for rural communities, according to Statistics Canada. As a country develops, the percentage of its population working in the primary industries usually declines.
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  • How is coal used?

    Q: How is coal used?

    A: The primary use of coal is as a source of energy. Nations around the world use coal to produce electricity. Steel manufacturers also use coal to create a fuel called coke. Coal is formed from plants that were buried in the earth millions of years ago.
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  • How much does a 55-gallon drum of oil weigh?

    Q: How much does a 55-gallon drum of oil weigh?

    A: The weight of a 55-gallon oil drum depends on oil density. A 55-gallon drum of crude oil with a density of 790 kilograms per cubic meter would weigh about 188.98 kilograms.
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  • What is primary and secondary packaging?

    Q: What is primary and secondary packaging?

    A: Primary packaging is the layer of packaging that comes in direct contact with the product. Secondary packaging is the layer of packaging that surrounds groups of pre-packaged parts that are enclosed in the primary packaging. Each layer of packaging serves a specific function.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of mining?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of mining?

    A: Mining gives people some of the resources needed for modern civilization, but it can lead to environmental harm. Some are opposed to mining based on opposition to destructive mining practices. Other dislike mining in general.
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  • How does a hay baler work?

    Q: How does a hay baler work?

    A: Hay balers are used to harvest hay, and they operate by being powered and pulled by a tractor as the baler's metal teeth gently rake up the hay to a compressor bar that holds the hay in place as the auger feeds the hay into the hay chamber. The chamber contains a plunger that continuously packs the hay down into tight clumps while also cutting the ends of the hay so they have a uniform shape.
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  • What are agro-based industries?

    Q: What are agro-based industries?

    A: Agro, or agriculture-based industries deal with growing plants and food for consumer use and consumption. Three basic levels exist in agriculture businesses.
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  • What is the industrial origin approach?

    Q: What is the industrial origin approach?

    A: The industrial origin approach is an approach to computing a nation's GNP based on adding up the gross value of primary, secondary and tertiary industries. These industries are agricultural, manufacturing and service. This approach is just one of many that can be used to try and create an estimate of the true GNP of a nation. However, if done properly, all methods should generate the same GNP figure.
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  • How many gallons does a tanker truck hold?

    Q: How many gallons does a tanker truck hold?

    A: Small tanker trucks have a maximum capacity of 3,000 gallons, while large tankers have a maximum capacity of 11,600 gallons. However, the maximum capacity of a tanker truck depends on the density of the liquid being transported, explains Bulk Cargo Systems. Tanker trucks are categorized by volume capacity and size.
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  • How do hydraulic cranes work?

    Q: How do hydraulic cranes work?

    A: Hydraulic cranes work using the concept of transmitting a force from one point to another through a fluid. Fluids, especially liquids, play a vital role in hydraulics because of their mechanical properties such as how they move, how they react to pressure and how they resist movement.
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  • What are some examples of secondary industries?

    Q: What are some examples of secondary industries?

    A: Some examples of secondary industries are textile production, steel production, oil refining, food processing, aerospace manufacturing and consumer electronics. The automotive, brewing, energy, tobacco, ship-making and chemical industries are also secondary.
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  • What is the role of financial institutions?

    Q: What is the role of financial institutions?

    A: The primary role of financial institutions is to provide liquidity to the economy and permit a higher level of economic activity than would otherwise be possible. According to the Brookings Institute, banks accomplish this in three main ways: offering credit, managing markets and pooling risk among consumers.
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