Financial Calculations

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An economic continuum is a method of categorizing parts of the economy, starting with those parts closest to the natural environment and flowing to those parts furthest away from it, according to About.com Geography. More developed countries have longer continua.

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  • How do you calculate net purchases?

    Q: How do you calculate net purchases?

    A: To calculate net purchases, add all purchases and freight-in, or shipping, together to get gross purchases and then subtract purchase discounts, purchase returns and allowances from gross purchases. This process yields the net purchase total, according to Simplestudies.
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  • What is the difference between compound and simple interest?

    Q: What is the difference between compound and simple interest?

    A: The difference between simple interest and compound interest is that simple interest builds only on the principal amount, while compound interest builds on both the principal and previously earned interest. Because of this, compound interest always yields greater profits.
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  • What is the formula for total profit?

    Q: What is the formula for total profit?

    A: The formula for total profit, or net profit, is total revenue in a given period minus total costs in a given period. If a business generates $250,000 in total revenue in a quarter, but has $215,000 in total costs, its total profit for the period is $35,000.
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  • What is profit maximization?

    Q: What is profit maximization?

    A: In economics, profit maximization refers to the process by which a business assesses the price and output of goods in order to ensure the greatest profit. During the assessment, businesses will determine the expense of fixed and variable costs during production in order to ascertain financial viability. There are two main ways a business achieves this total revenue-total cost and marginal revenue-marginal cost.
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  • What is a petty cash transaction?

    Q: What is a petty cash transaction?

    A: Petty cash transactions are small business expenses that are paid out in cash, according to About.com. Frequently a company has a small amount of cash on hand that is used to pay for small purchases or reimburse employees for company purchases made out of pocket. Petty cash expenditures are recorded in the company's financial records to keep track of how the money is utilized.
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  • What are hedging techniques?

    Q: What are hedging techniques?

    A: Hedging techniques are strategies and tactics employed by investors to reduce financial risk. Pairing, short-against-the box, exchange-traded funds, futures and options are the most commonly used to predict and reduce financial risk.
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  • What is the currency of Brazil called?

    Q: What is the currency of Brazil called?

    A: The currency of Brazil is called the Real, according to the XE website. The Real's currency code is BRL and its symbol is R$. The minor unit of the Real is the Centavo, which amounts to 1/100 R$.
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  • What items make up the cost of goods sold?

    Q: What items make up the cost of goods sold?

    A: The items that make up the cost of goods sold are the materials, equipment and labor that go into creating the goods. Many marginal cost items affect the actual cost of producing and selling items.
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  • How can one live cheaply?

    Q: How can one live cheaply?

    A: There are many ways to live cheaply. Before you spend any money, ask yourself if you really need the thing you are considering purchasing. Before shopping, write down all the items you really need and stick to the list. Doing so will help you save a lot of money and live much more frugally,
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  • What is the importance of international finance?

    Q: What is the importance of international finance?

    A: International finance is important for determining exchange rates, comparing inflation rates, investing in foreign debt securities, ascertaining economic conditions in other countries and investing in foreign markets, according to For Dummies. The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), adopted by more than 120 countries as of April 2011, are an important backbone of international finance and offer numerous benefits, according to Investopedia.
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  • How do you calculate interest expense?

    Q: How do you calculate interest expense?

    A: Interest expense is calculated as the interest rate multiplied by the amount of the outstanding principal of the debt. Defined by Investopedia, interest expense is the cost incurred by an entity on borrowed funds.
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  • What does "net cost" mean?

    Q: What does "net cost" mean?

    A: The net cost of a good or service is the total cost of the product minus any benefits gained by purchasing that product, according to AccountingTools. It differs from the gross cost, which is just the total cost of a product.
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  • What is the inventory turnover ratio?

    Q: What is the inventory turnover ratio?

    A: The inventory turnover ratio is a formula that displays how many times inventory is replaced over a period of time by dividing cost of goods sold over average inventory. This ratio is used to identify the efficiency of inventory management within a company.
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  • How many pennies are in $1 million?

    Q: How many pennies are in $1 million?

    A: There are 100 million pennies in $1 million. Since there are 100 pennies in each dollar, multiplying 100 pennies per dollar times $1 million yields 100 million pennies.
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  • What is the definition of "compound interest"?

    Q: What is the definition of "compound interest"?

    A: Compound interest is a financial term used to describe the process where the interest earned on a principal investment over a set period of time is added to the principal amount. The interest payable for the following periods is recalculated on the sum of the original investment and the previous interest earned. The word "compound" refers to the magnified effect that this method has on an investment's growth potential.
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  • How is a sales commission calculated?

    Q: How is a sales commission calculated?

    A: A sales commission is calculated using the commission structure agreed upon between the owner or manager of a business and a salesperson. This commission structure is sometimes received as a one-time payment. However, it can also be received as a recurring commission over the life of the sales account.
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  • How much does it cost to buy a star?

    Q: How much does it cost to buy a star?

    A: The cost to buy a star ranges from $19.95 to $50 and higher, depending on the specific package chosen. Certain star packages include medallions while others include a commemorative plaque. It is also possible to name the star specifically for a particular person.
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  • What are the remedies to measure and control inflation?

    Q: What are the remedies to measure and control inflation?

    A: The rate of inflation is a measure of the Consumer Price Index, according to Saint Joseph’s College. Inflation control is a part of the monetary policy set by the Federal Reserve that involves the fluctuation of interest rates and the selling of bonds through the U.S. Treasury.
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  • What is the formula for total fixed cost?

    Q: What is the formula for total fixed cost?

    A: The formula for total fixed cost is fixed costs plus variable costs multiplied by quantity equals total cost, or FC +VC(Q)=TC, according to Education Portal. Fixed costs are costs that do not change based on aspects such as production levels, where variable costs change based on production.
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  • What is the importance of financial accounting?

    Q: What is the importance of financial accounting?

    A: Financial accounting is important because it provides an organization's stakeholders with business statements, allowing them to know if the organization is making or losing money. This information is essential in determining if a company is able to maintain profitability, according to Accounting-Careers-Guide.com.
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  • What is the formula for total revenue?

    Q: What is the formula for total revenue?

    A: According to AmosWeb, total revenue is calculated by multiplying the price received from the product times the quantity of the product sold at that price. Total revenue is usually depicted as a total revenue curve with it being directly related to marginal revenue and average revenue.
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