Financial Calculations

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Hedging techniques are strategies and tactics employed by investors to reduce financial risk. Pairing, short-against-the box, exchange-traded funds, futures and options are the most commonly used to predict and reduce financial risk.

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  • What is a marginal revenue function?

    Q: What is a marginal revenue function?

    A: The marginal revenue function in economics refers to the increase in revenue resulting from the sale of one additional unit of output. Marginal revenue is calculated by dividing the change in revenue by the change in output. While the marginal revenue function can remain constant over a specific level of output, it follows the law of diminishing returns. As a result, marginal revenue tapers off as output increases.
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  • What is a profit sharing plan?

    Q: What is a profit sharing plan?

    A: A profit sharing plan gives employees a percentage of the profits the company earns each year. These funds are put into an investment account for the employees.
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  • What is the formula for total profit?

    Q: What is the formula for total profit?

    A: The formula for total profit, or net profit, is total revenue in a given period minus total costs in a given period. If a business generates $250,000 in total revenue in a quarter, but has $215,000 in total costs, its total profit for the period is $35,000.
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  • How do I calculate how much I make an hour?

    Q: How do I calculate how much I make an hour?

    A: The hourly rate of pay is calculated by dividing the gross salary for a specific period by the number of hours worked in that same period. Gross salary is the amount earned prior to any deductions.
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  • What does "net cost" mean?

    Q: What does "net cost" mean?

    A: The net cost of a good or service is the total cost of the product minus any benefits gained by purchasing that product, according to AccountingTools. It differs from the gross cost, which is just the total cost of a product.
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  • What is the formula for calculating compound interest?

    Q: What is the formula for calculating compound interest?

    A: One formula for calculating yearly compound interest is M=P(1+i)n. "M" represents the final amount with the principal and interest combined, "P" represents the principal amount, "i" represents the interest rate, and "n" is the number of years invested.
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  • What is analytical research?

    Q: What is analytical research?

    A: Analytical research is a specific type of research that involves critical thinking skills and the evaluation of facts and information relative to the research being conducted. A variety of people including students, doctors and psychologists use analytical research during studies to find the most relevant information. From analytical research, a person finds out critical details to add new ideas to the material being produced.
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  • How do you calculate late fees?

    Q: How do you calculate late fees?

    A: The Bureau of the Fiscal Service, a division of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, provides a monthly compounding interest calculator. This online calculator allows people to automatically determine the amount of monthly compounding interest owed on payments made after the payment due date.
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  • What are the remedies to measure and control inflation?

    Q: What are the remedies to measure and control inflation?

    A: The rate of inflation is a measure of the Consumer Price Index, according to Saint Joseph’s College. Inflation control is a part of the monetary policy set by the Federal Reserve that involves the fluctuation of interest rates and the selling of bonds through the U.S. Treasury.
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  • How many pennies are in $1 million?

    Q: How many pennies are in $1 million?

    A: There are 100 million pennies in $1 million. Since there are 100 pennies in each dollar, multiplying 100 pennies per dollar times $1 million yields 100 million pennies.
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  • How can one live cheaply?

    Q: How can one live cheaply?

    A: There are many ways to live cheaply. Before you spend any money, ask yourself if you really need the thing you are considering purchasing. Before shopping, write down all the items you really need and stick to the list. Doing so will help you save a lot of money and live much more frugally,
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  • What is the indirect method for preparing a cash flow statement?

    Q: What is the indirect method for preparing a cash flow statement?

    A: The indirect method for preparing a cash flow statement is used to show the uses and sources of cash by a business. It is the preferred method by most companies because the information required to prepare it is fairly easy to assemble from accounts that a company usually maintains. However, the indirect method does not clearly show how cash flows through a business, which is shown in the direct method.
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  • What is a petty cash transaction?

    Q: What is a petty cash transaction?

    A: Petty cash transactions are small business expenses that are paid out in cash, according to About.com. Frequently a company has a small amount of cash on hand that is used to pay for small purchases or reimburse employees for company purchases made out of pocket. Petty cash expenditures are recorded in the company's financial records to keep track of how the money is utilized.
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  • What is the definition of "compound interest"?

    Q: What is the definition of "compound interest"?

    A: Compound interest is a financial term used to describe the process where the interest earned on a principal investment over a set period of time is added to the principal amount. The interest payable for the following periods is recalculated on the sum of the original investment and the previous interest earned. The word "compound" refers to the magnified effect that this method has on an investment's growth potential.
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  • What is an economic continuum?

    Q: What is an economic continuum?

    A: An economic continuum is a method of categorizing parts of the economy, starting with those parts closest to the natural environment and flowing to those parts furthest away from it, according to About.com Geography. More developed countries have longer continua.
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  • What is the currency of Brazil called?

    Q: What is the currency of Brazil called?

    A: The currency of Brazil is called the Real, according to the XE website. The Real's currency code is BRL and its symbol is R$. The minor unit of the Real is the Centavo, which amounts to 1/100 R$.
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  • What are hedging techniques?

    Q: What are hedging techniques?

    A: Hedging techniques are strategies and tactics employed by investors to reduce financial risk. Pairing, short-against-the box, exchange-traded funds, futures and options are the most commonly used to predict and reduce financial risk.
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  • What is the importance of financial accounting?

    Q: What is the importance of financial accounting?

    A: Financial accounting is important because it provides an organization's stakeholders with business statements, allowing them to know if the organization is making or losing money. This information is essential in determining if a company is able to maintain profitability, according to Accounting-Careers-Guide.com.
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  • How is a sales commission calculated?

    Q: How is a sales commission calculated?

    A: A sales commission is calculated using the commission structure agreed upon between the owner or manager of a business and a salesperson. This commission structure is sometimes received as a one-time payment. However, it can also be received as a recurring commission over the life of the sales account.
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  • What items make up the cost of goods sold?

    Q: What items make up the cost of goods sold?

    A: The items that make up the cost of goods sold are the materials, equipment and labor that go into creating the goods. Many marginal cost items affect the actual cost of producing and selling items.
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  • What are capital gains?

    Q: What are capital gains?

    A: Capital gains are the profits an investor makes on certain types of investments. Real estate, precious metals, collectibles, bonds, mutual funds, stocks and options are investments for which a person can earn capital gains, according to About.com.
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