Agriculture

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Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical crop that originated in New Guinea and India and is now grown in more than 70 countries across the world. Approximately half of the world’s sugar cane is grown in India and Brazil.

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  • What states does celery grow in?

    Q: What states does celery grow in?

    A: Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Celery is grown in USDA growing zones 2 though 10; however, planting time varies considerably based on the location it is being grown.
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  • How is cotton picked?

    Q: How is cotton picked?

    A: Large exporters of raw cotton, such as the United States, Australia and Europe, mechanically pick and harvest cotton through stripper and spindle pickers. A stripper picker removes the entire cotton boll off the plant along with other unopened bolls. The spindle cotton picker, on the other hand, removes the cotton from the boll and leaves the plant intact.
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  • What is the difference between monoculture and polyculture?

    Q: What is the difference between monoculture and polyculture?

    A: Polyculture is the practice of growing multiple crops in one specific area of land, while monoculture means that an area of land only grows a single crop. A garden is an example of polyculture, and a cornfield is an example of monoculture.
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  • What is the size of a standard hay bale?

    Q: What is the size of a standard hay bale?

    A: A standard bale of hay has fixed height and width, at 14 inches by 18 inches. The length, however, may vary according to the settings on the baler mechanism and is either 36 inches or 48 inches.
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  • What is commercial farming?

    Q: What is commercial farming?

    A: Commercial farming occurs when a farm is set up for the sole purpose of producing crops and farm animals for sale, with the sole intention of making a profit.
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  • What is farm mechanization?

    Q: What is farm mechanization?

    A: Farm mechanization refers to the development and use of machines that can take the place of human and animal power in agricultural processes. The mechanization of agriculture that took place during the 20th century led to major changes in how farmers plant, irrigate and harvest crops. Combines, tractors, harvesters and other machinery have enabled farmers to increase their production while relying less upon an extended labor force.
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  • What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    Q: What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    A: According to WebMD, possible disadvantages of genetically modified crops include environmental hazards such as the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, altering the nutritional content of food, resistance of crops to antibiotics, the presence of toxins and allergens and the risk of contamination between modified and unmodified crops.
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  • What is furrow irrigation?

    Q: What is furrow irrigation?

    A: According to the US Geological Survey, furrow irrigation is a form of surface irrigation where trenches are used to deliver water to rows of crops. Most modern farming operations replaced this method with mechanized spray irrigation systems.
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  • Where does sugar cane come from?

    Q: Where does sugar cane come from?

    A: Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical crop that originated in New Guinea and India and is now grown in more than 70 countries across the world. Approximately half of the world’s sugar cane is grown in India and Brazil.
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  • What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    Q: What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    A: The average yield per acre of wheat during the 1800s was 13.3 bushels per acre, according to the USDA. By contrast, the average U.S. wheat yield per acre in 2013 was 47.2 bushels per acre.
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  • What is mixed farming?

    Q: What is mixed farming?

    A: Mixed farming is a concept that involves mixing two types of farming in one area of land. Often, crop, or arable, farming is mixed with livestock farming on one common farm.
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  • What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    Q: What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    A: A combine harvester is a machine used to harvest grains like wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, flax and soybeans. Instead of using separate machines for reaping, threshing and winnowing the grain, the harvester combines all these functions into one machine.
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  • What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    Q: What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    A: Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.
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  • What is agriculture?

    Q: What is agriculture?

    A: "Agriculture" is the cultivation of land for effective crop growth and raising of livestock. Farmers engage directly in agriculture by preparing soil, planting crops, harvesting those crops and preparing them for transportation. They also bale hay, grow pastures and buy seed to raise livestock.
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  • What is shifting cultivation?

    Q: What is shifting cultivation?

    A: Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land.
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  • What is traditional agriculture?

    Q: What is traditional agriculture?

    A: Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.
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  • What are the top five corn-producing states?

    Q: What are the top five corn-producing states?

    A: Ranked in order, the top five states that produce the most corn are Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota and Indiana. Those states alone produce around 60 percent of the corn grown in the United States.
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  • Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    Q: Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    A: The largest cattle ranch in the United States is the Deseret Ranches, spread across Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties in Florida. Deseret Ranches is owned and operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
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  • What is the best climate for growing rice?

    Q: What is the best climate for growing rice?

    A: The best climate for growing rice is one that is warm and moist according to the United Nations University. Although rice requires a lot of water, rice does not grow well in very lush wet climates or waterlogged areas. That said, rice can be cultivated in a wide range of environments.
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  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    Q: What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    A: The primary advantages of crop rotation include preserving fertile soil, enhancing the health of crops and minimizing the amount of pests, while the primary drawbacks and challenges include lingering fungi and pests. Another major drawback is the time involved in preparing the soil for new crops.
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  • How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    Q: How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    A: Bales of hay vary in size from 40 to 2,000 pounds. A three-string bale weighs around 100 pounds, and there are approximately 20 three-string bales in a ton. Round bales weigh 850 to 1,100 pounds, and there are 2.4 to 1.8 round bales per ton.
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