Agriculture

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Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Celery is grown in USDA growing zones 2 though 10; however, planting time varies considerably based on the location it is being grown.

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  • What is farm mechanization?

    Q: What is farm mechanization?

    A: Farm mechanization refers to the development and use of machines that can take the place of human and animal power in agricultural processes. The mechanization of agriculture that took place during the 20th century led to major changes in how farmers plant, irrigate and harvest crops. Combines, tractors, harvesters and other machinery have enabled farmers to increase their production while relying less upon an extended labor force.
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  • Where does sugar cane come from?

    Q: Where does sugar cane come from?

    A: Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical crop that originated in New Guinea and India and is now grown in more than 70 countries across the world. Approximately half of the world’s sugar cane is grown in India and Brazil.
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  • What are traditional farming methods?

    Q: What are traditional farming methods?

    A: Crop rotation and crop mixing are two examples of traditional farming techniques. These techniques are more labor intensive and produce lower crop yields than modern techniques.
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  • What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    Q: What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    A: The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation, also called slash and burn or swidden agriculture, is the destruction of large areas of land, primarily crop fields and tracts of forest. When performed improperly, slash and burn can make once-fertile lands unable to support the new growth of crops and plants. Slash and burn may cause environmental and economic consequences by reducing the growth potential for crops in certain areas, which limits the variety and quantity of agricultural goods farmers can produce.
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  • What is the difference between hay and silage?

    Q: What is the difference between hay and silage?

    A: Hay and silage are the forms in which harvested forage is most often stored. The two differ in terms of how they are stored and their moisture content. While hay is stored at a moisture level below 20 percent, silage is stored at 40 to 60 percent moisture level. When hay is stored at moisture levels greater than 20 percent, the forage becomes moldy and may suddenly catch fire.
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  • When is cotton harvested?

    Q: When is cotton harvested?

    A: Cotton is harvested beginning in July in the southern part of Texas through late November in northern parts of the United States. Machines with turning rods are used to harvest cotton, which is dropped onto conveyor belts after having seeds removed. Rolling machines further process the cotton before it is packed into bales, which weigh about 500 pounds and are stored in trailers.
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  • How is cotton picked?

    Q: How is cotton picked?

    A: Large exporters of raw cotton, such as the United States, Australia and Europe, mechanically pick and harvest cotton through stripper and spindle pickers. A stripper picker removes the entire cotton boll off the plant along with other unopened bolls. The spindle cotton picker, on the other hand, removes the cotton from the boll and leaves the plant intact.
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  • What is furrow irrigation?

    Q: What is furrow irrigation?

    A: According to the US Geological Survey, furrow irrigation is a form of surface irrigation where trenches are used to deliver water to rows of crops. Most modern farming operations replaced this method with mechanized spray irrigation systems.
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  • How do farm silos work?

    Q: How do farm silos work?

    A: Agricultural silos work by creating a pressurized area within a cylindrical container that helps to keep fodder and hay that is used to feed farm animals free from spoilage. There are several different types of silos that vary slightly in design but operate in the same manner to keep animal food from rotting. Most silos exist as upright cylinders that are constructed with sturdy materials such as porcelain or steel that help to prevent corrosion.
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  • What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    Q: What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    A: Commercial farming involves raising crops and livestock to sell for a profit. The needs of the market help determine which crops are grown. With subsistence farming, the farmer raises the food he needs to provide for himself and his family or community.
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  • What is agriculture?

    Q: What is agriculture?

    A: "Agriculture" is the cultivation of land for effective crop growth and raising of livestock. Farmers engage directly in agriculture by preparing soil, planting crops, harvesting those crops and preparing them for transportation. They also bale hay, grow pastures and buy seed to raise livestock.
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  • What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    Q: What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    A: A combine harvester is a machine used to harvest grains like wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, flax and soybeans. Instead of using separate machines for reaping, threshing and winnowing the grain, the harvester combines all these functions into one machine.
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  • What is traditional agriculture?

    Q: What is traditional agriculture?

    A: Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.
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  • What is commercial farming?

    Q: What is commercial farming?

    A: Commercial farming occurs when a farm is set up for the sole purpose of producing crops and farm animals for sale, with the sole intention of making a profit.
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  • What is conventional farming?

    Q: What is conventional farming?

    A: Conventional farming is a term used to designate farming techniques that are traditionally, and often controversially, oriented towards using technology, pesticides, chemicals and other synthetic tools in the cultivation of crops. Thus "conventional" is often used as an antonym for "organic," a farming approach that alternatively seeks to limit or eradicate the introduction of synthetic elements into agriculture.
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  • What states does celery grow in?

    Q: What states does celery grow in?

    A: Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Celery is grown in USDA growing zones 2 though 10; however, planting time varies considerably based on the location it is being grown.
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  • What is shifting cultivation?

    Q: What is shifting cultivation?

    A: Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land.
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  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    Q: What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    A: The primary advantages of crop rotation include preserving fertile soil, enhancing the health of crops and minimizing the amount of pests, while the primary drawbacks and challenges include lingering fungi and pests. Another major drawback is the time involved in preparing the soil for new crops.
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  • Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    Q: Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    A: The largest cattle ranch in the United States is the Deseret Ranches, spread across Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties in Florida. Deseret Ranches is owned and operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
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  • What is mixed farming?

    Q: What is mixed farming?

    A: Mixed farming is a concept that involves mixing two types of farming in one area of land. Often, crop, or arable, farming is mixed with livestock farming on one common farm.
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  • What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    Q: What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    A: Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.
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