Agriculture

A:

Hay and silage are the forms in which harvested forage is most often stored. The two differ in terms of how they are stored and their moisture content. While hay is stored at a moisture level below 20 percent, silage is stored at 40 to 60 percent moisture level. When hay is stored at moisture levels greater than 20 percent, the forage becomes moldy and may suddenly catch fire.

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  • What states does celery grow in?

    Q: What states does celery grow in?

    A: Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Celery is grown in USDA growing zones 2 though 10; however, planting time varies considerably based on the location it is being grown.
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  • What is farm mechanization?

    Q: What is farm mechanization?

    A: Farm mechanization refers to the development and use of machines that can take the place of human and animal power in agricultural processes. The mechanization of agriculture that took place during the 20th century led to major changes in how farmers plant, irrigate and harvest crops. Combines, tractors, harvesters and other machinery have enabled farmers to increase their production while relying less upon an extended labor force.
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  • What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    Q: What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    A: The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation, also called slash and burn or swidden agriculture, is the destruction of large areas of land, primarily crop fields and tracts of forest. When performed improperly, slash and burn can make once-fertile lands unable to support the new growth of crops and plants. Slash and burn may cause environmental and economic consequences by reducing the growth potential for crops in certain areas, which limits the variety and quantity of agricultural goods farmers can produce.
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  • What is furrow irrigation?

    Q: What is furrow irrigation?

    A: According to the US Geological Survey, furrow irrigation is a form of surface irrigation where trenches are used to deliver water to rows of crops. Most modern farming operations replaced this method with mechanized spray irrigation systems.
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  • What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    Q: What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    A: Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.
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  • What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    Q: What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    A: A combine harvester is a machine used to harvest grains like wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, flax and soybeans. Instead of using separate machines for reaping, threshing and winnowing the grain, the harvester combines all these functions into one machine.
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  • What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    Q: What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    A: Commercial farming involves raising crops and livestock to sell for a profit. The needs of the market help determine which crops are grown. With subsistence farming, the farmer raises the food he needs to provide for himself and his family or community.
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  • When is cotton harvested?

    Q: When is cotton harvested?

    A: Cotton is harvested beginning in July in the southern part of Texas through late November in northern parts of the United States. Machines with turning rods are used to harvest cotton, which is dropped onto conveyor belts after having seeds removed. Rolling machines further process the cotton before it is packed into bales, which weigh about 500 pounds and are stored in trailers.
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  • What are traditional farming methods?

    Q: What are traditional farming methods?

    A: Crop rotation and crop mixing are two examples of traditional farming techniques. These techniques are more labor intensive and produce lower crop yields than modern techniques.
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  • What is the best climate for growing rice?

    Q: What is the best climate for growing rice?

    A: The best climate for growing rice is one that is warm and moist according to the United Nations University. Although rice requires a lot of water, rice does not grow well in very lush wet climates or waterlogged areas. That said, rice can be cultivated in a wide range of environments.
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  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    Q: What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    A: The primary advantages of crop rotation include preserving fertile soil, enhancing the health of crops and minimizing the amount of pests, while the primary drawbacks and challenges include lingering fungi and pests. Another major drawback is the time involved in preparing the soil for new crops.
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  • What are the top five corn-producing states?

    Q: What are the top five corn-producing states?

    A: Ranked in order, the top five states that produce the most corn are Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota and Indiana. Those states alone produce around 60 percent of the corn grown in the United States.
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  • What is the size of a standard hay bale?

    Q: What is the size of a standard hay bale?

    A: A standard bale of hay has fixed height and width, at 14 inches by 18 inches. The length, however, may vary according to the settings on the baler mechanism and is either 36 inches or 48 inches.
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  • Why is farming important?

    Q: Why is farming important?

    A: Farming is important because it provides food and jobs in a society. Industrial farming provides a large amount of food for a relatively low cost. Family farming improves the local land and reduces the family's dependency on commercially grown food and grocery stores.
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  • What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    Q: What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    A: According to WebMD, possible disadvantages of genetically modified crops include environmental hazards such as the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, altering the nutritional content of food, resistance of crops to antibiotics, the presence of toxins and allergens and the risk of contamination between modified and unmodified crops.
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  • What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    Q: What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    A: The average yield per acre of wheat during the 1800s was 13.3 bushels per acre, according to the USDA. By contrast, the average U.S. wheat yield per acre in 2013 was 47.2 bushels per acre.
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  • Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    Q: Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    A: Farmers use fertilizer to prime their soil for optimal plant growth. Important components of plant growth are lost when plants use them. Fertilizer restore these important elements.
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  • How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    Q: How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    A: Bales of hay vary in size from 40 to 2,000 pounds. A three-string bale weighs around 100 pounds, and there are approximately 20 three-string bales in a ton. Round bales weigh 850 to 1,100 pounds, and there are 2.4 to 1.8 round bales per ton.
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  • What is mixed farming?

    Q: What is mixed farming?

    A: Mixed farming is a concept that involves mixing two types of farming in one area of land. Often, crop, or arable, farming is mixed with livestock farming on one common farm.
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  • What is shifting cultivation?

    Q: What is shifting cultivation?

    A: Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land.
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  • Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    Q: Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    A: The largest cattle ranch in the United States is the Deseret Ranches, spread across Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties in Florida. Deseret Ranches is owned and operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
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