Agriculture

A:

Hay and silage are the forms in which harvested forage is most often stored. The two differ in terms of how they are stored and their moisture content. While hay is stored at a moisture level below 20 percent, silage is stored at 40 to 60 percent moisture level. When hay is stored at moisture levels greater than 20 percent, the forage becomes moldy and may suddenly catch fire.

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  • What is agriculture?

    Q: What is agriculture?

    A: "Agriculture" is the cultivation of land for effective crop growth and raising of livestock. Farmers engage directly in agriculture by preparing soil, planting crops, harvesting those crops and preparing them for transportation. They also bale hay, grow pastures and buy seed to raise livestock.
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  • What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    Q: What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    A: The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation, also called slash and burn or swidden agriculture, is the destruction of large areas of land, primarily crop fields and tracts of forest. When performed improperly, slash and burn can make once-fertile lands unable to support the new growth of crops and plants. Slash and burn may cause environmental and economic consequences by reducing the growth potential for crops in certain areas, which limits the variety and quantity of agricultural goods farmers can produce.
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  • How do farm silos work?

    Q: How do farm silos work?

    A: Agricultural silos work by creating a pressurized area within a cylindrical container that helps to keep fodder and hay that is used to feed farm animals free from spoilage. There are several different types of silos that vary slightly in design but operate in the same manner to keep animal food from rotting. Most silos exist as upright cylinders that are constructed with sturdy materials such as porcelain or steel that help to prevent corrosion.
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  • Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    Q: Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    A: The largest cattle ranch in the United States is the Deseret Ranches, spread across Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties in Florida. Deseret Ranches is owned and operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
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  • What are traditional farming methods?

    Q: What are traditional farming methods?

    A: Crop rotation and crop mixing are two examples of traditional farming techniques. These techniques are more labor intensive and produce lower crop yields than modern techniques.
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  • Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    Q: Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    A: Farmers use fertilizer to prime their soil for optimal plant growth. Important components of plant growth are lost when plants use them. Fertilizer restore these important elements.
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  • What is commercial farming?

    Q: What is commercial farming?

    A: Commercial farming occurs when a farm is set up for the sole purpose of producing crops and farm animals for sale, with the sole intention of making a profit.
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  • What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    Q: What is the difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming?

    A: Commercial farming involves raising crops and livestock to sell for a profit. The needs of the market help determine which crops are grown. With subsistence farming, the farmer raises the food he needs to provide for himself and his family or community.
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  • How is cotton picked?

    Q: How is cotton picked?

    A: Large exporters of raw cotton, such as the United States, Australia and Europe, mechanically pick and harvest cotton through stripper and spindle pickers. A stripper picker removes the entire cotton boll off the plant along with other unopened bolls. The spindle cotton picker, on the other hand, removes the cotton from the boll and leaves the plant intact.
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  • Why is farming important?

    Q: Why is farming important?

    A: Farming is important because it provides food and jobs in a society. Industrial farming provides a large amount of food for a relatively low cost. Family farming improves the local land and reduces the family's dependency on commercially grown food and grocery stores.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture?

    A: Modern agriculture has vastly increased the amount of food that farms are capable of producing with great gains in efficiency, but it can also have a major negative impact on the environment. Large-scale farms are vital for keeping the world fed, but they can devastate local ecosystems through clearcutting and runoff, which often releases methane, ammonia and other toxic chemicals into the environment.
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  • What is the best climate for growing rice?

    Q: What is the best climate for growing rice?

    A: The best climate for growing rice is one that is warm and moist according to the United Nations University. Although rice requires a lot of water, rice does not grow well in very lush wet climates or waterlogged areas. That said, rice can be cultivated in a wide range of environments.
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  • What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    Q: What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    A: A combine harvester is a machine used to harvest grains like wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, flax and soybeans. Instead of using separate machines for reaping, threshing and winnowing the grain, the harvester combines all these functions into one machine.
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  • Where does sugar cane come from?

    Q: Where does sugar cane come from?

    A: Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical crop that originated in New Guinea and India and is now grown in more than 70 countries across the world. Approximately half of the world’s sugar cane is grown in India and Brazil.
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  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    Q: What are some advantages and disadvantages of crop rotation?

    A: The primary advantages of crop rotation include preserving fertile soil, enhancing the health of crops and minimizing the amount of pests, while the primary drawbacks and challenges include lingering fungi and pests. Another major drawback is the time involved in preparing the soil for new crops.
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  • What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    Q: What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    A: The average yield per acre of wheat during the 1800s was 13.3 bushels per acre, according to the USDA. By contrast, the average U.S. wheat yield per acre in 2013 was 47.2 bushels per acre.
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  • What is conventional farming?

    Q: What is conventional farming?

    A: Conventional farming is a term used to designate farming techniques that are traditionally, and often controversially, oriented towards using technology, pesticides, chemicals and other synthetic tools in the cultivation of crops. Thus "conventional" is often used as an antonym for "organic," a farming approach that alternatively seeks to limit or eradicate the introduction of synthetic elements into agriculture.
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  • What are the top five corn-producing states?

    Q: What are the top five corn-producing states?

    A: Ranked in order, the top five states that produce the most corn are Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota and Indiana. Those states alone produce around 60 percent of the corn grown in the United States.
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  • How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    Q: How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    A: Bales of hay vary in size from 40 to 2,000 pounds. A three-string bale weighs around 100 pounds, and there are approximately 20 three-string bales in a ton. Round bales weigh 850 to 1,100 pounds, and there are 2.4 to 1.8 round bales per ton.
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  • What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    Q: What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    A: According to WebMD, possible disadvantages of genetically modified crops include environmental hazards such as the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, altering the nutritional content of food, resistance of crops to antibiotics, the presence of toxins and allergens and the risk of contamination between modified and unmodified crops.
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  • What is traditional agriculture?

    Q: What is traditional agriculture?

    A: Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.
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