Agriculture

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Hay and silage are the forms in which harvested forage is most often stored. The two differ in terms of how they are stored and their moisture content. While hay is stored at a moisture level below 20 percent, silage is stored at 40 to 60 percent moisture level. When hay is stored at moisture levels greater than 20 percent, the forage becomes moldy and may suddenly catch fire.

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  • What are traditional farming methods?

    Q: What are traditional farming methods?

    A: Crop rotation and crop mixing are two examples of traditional farming techniques. These techniques are more labor intensive and produce lower crop yields than modern techniques.
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  • Why is farming important?

    Q: Why is farming important?

    A: Farming is important because it provides food and jobs in a society. Industrial farming provides a large amount of food for a relatively low cost. Family farming improves the local land and reduces the family's dependency on commercially grown food and grocery stores.
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  • How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    Q: How many bales of hay are in a ton?

    A: Bales of hay vary in size from 40 to 2,000 pounds. A three-string bale weighs around 100 pounds, and there are approximately 20 three-string bales in a ton. Round bales weigh 850 to 1,100 pounds, and there are 2.4 to 1.8 round bales per ton.
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  • Where does sugar cane come from?

    Q: Where does sugar cane come from?

    A: Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical crop that originated in New Guinea and India and is now grown in more than 70 countries across the world. Approximately half of the world’s sugar cane is grown in India and Brazil.
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  • What are the top five corn-producing states?

    Q: What are the top five corn-producing states?

    A: Ranked in order, the top five states that produce the most corn are Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota and Indiana. Those states alone produce around 60 percent of the corn grown in the United States.
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  • What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    Q: What is the definition of sedentary farming?

    A: Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.
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  • What states does celery grow in?

    Q: What states does celery grow in?

    A: Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Celery is grown in USDA growing zones 2 though 10; however, planting time varies considerably based on the location it is being grown.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture?

    A: Modern agriculture has vastly increased the amount of food that farms are capable of producing with great gains in efficiency, but it can also have a major negative impact on the environment. Large-scale farms are vital for keeping the world fed, but they can devastate local ecosystems through clearcutting and runoff, which often releases methane, ammonia and other toxic chemicals into the environment.
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  • What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    Q: What was the average wheat yield per acre in the 1800s?

    A: The average yield per acre of wheat during the 1800s was 13.3 bushels per acre, according to the USDA. By contrast, the average U.S. wheat yield per acre in 2013 was 47.2 bushels per acre.
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  • Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    Q: Where is the largest cattle ranch in the United States?

    A: The largest cattle ranch in the United States is the Deseret Ranches, spread across Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties in Florida. Deseret Ranches is owned and operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
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  • What is the difference between hay and silage?

    Q: What is the difference between hay and silage?

    A: Hay and silage are the forms in which harvested forage is most often stored. The two differ in terms of how they are stored and their moisture content. While hay is stored at a moisture level below 20 percent, silage is stored at 40 to 60 percent moisture level. When hay is stored at moisture levels greater than 20 percent, the forage becomes moldy and may suddenly catch fire.
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  • Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    Q: Why do farmers use fertilizers?

    A: Farmers use fertilizer to prime their soil for optimal plant growth. Important components of plant growth are lost when plants use them. Fertilizer restore these important elements.
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  • What is furrow irrigation?

    Q: What is furrow irrigation?

    A: According to the US Geological Survey, furrow irrigation is a form of surface irrigation where trenches are used to deliver water to rows of crops. Most modern farming operations replaced this method with mechanized spray irrigation systems.
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  • What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    Q: What are disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

    A: According to WebMD, possible disadvantages of genetically modified crops include environmental hazards such as the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, altering the nutritional content of food, resistance of crops to antibiotics, the presence of toxins and allergens and the risk of contamination between modified and unmodified crops.
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  • What is commercial farming?

    Q: What is commercial farming?

    A: Commercial farming occurs when a farm is set up for the sole purpose of producing crops and farm animals for sale, with the sole intention of making a profit.
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  • When is cotton harvested?

    Q: When is cotton harvested?

    A: Cotton is harvested beginning in July in the southern part of Texas through late November in northern parts of the United States. Machines with turning rods are used to harvest cotton, which is dropped onto conveyor belts after having seeds removed. Rolling machines further process the cotton before it is packed into bales, which weigh about 500 pounds and are stored in trailers.
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  • What is the difference between monoculture and polyculture?

    Q: What is the difference between monoculture and polyculture?

    A: Polyculture is the practice of growing multiple crops in one specific area of land, while monoculture means that an area of land only grows a single crop. A garden is an example of polyculture, and a cornfield is an example of monoculture.
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  • What is shifting cultivation?

    Q: What is shifting cultivation?

    A: Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land.
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  • How is cotton picked?

    Q: How is cotton picked?

    A: Large exporters of raw cotton, such as the United States, Australia and Europe, mechanically pick and harvest cotton through stripper and spindle pickers. A stripper picker removes the entire cotton boll off the plant along with other unopened bolls. The spindle cotton picker, on the other hand, removes the cotton from the boll and leaves the plant intact.
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  • What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    Q: What are the uses of a combine harvester?

    A: A combine harvester is a machine used to harvest grains like wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, flax and soybeans. Instead of using separate machines for reaping, threshing and winnowing the grain, the harvester combines all these functions into one machine.
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  • What is traditional agriculture?

    Q: What is traditional agriculture?

    A: Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.
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