Accounting

A:

Finance helps businesses achieve their goals by providing the funding they need to achieve them. Without funding, businesses cannot be successful.

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  • What is income from continuing operations?

    Q: What is income from continuing operations?

    A: Income from continuing operations is ongoing earnings from normal business activity. It is what a company can expect from future earnings, such as if a company plans to continue to produce shoelaces and buttons but no longer zippers, earnings from the zippers is not calculated as income from continuing operations.
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  • What is an invoice used for?

    Q: What is an invoice used for?

    A: An invoice is a document sent by a business to a client denoting an obligation to pay for goods or services. One primary purpose is to communicate the requirement to pay for the goods. The other is to document the transaction as an accounts receivable in its accounting system until the bill is paid.
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  • Is accounting an art or a science?

    Q: Is accounting an art or a science?

    A: Accounting can be classified as both an art and a science. An accounting degree can be awarded as a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree. Opinions on the classification may vary, but the very nature of accounting classifies it as both.
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  • What are the benefits of using an accrual-basis income statement?

    Q: What are the benefits of using an accrual-basis income statement?

    A: An income statement that uses accrual-basis accounting methods recognizes losses more quickly, avoiding the distortion that sometimes occurs with cash-basis accounting, delaying the recognition of losses for several years. For some businesses, this method provides a more accurate picture of profitability.
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  • What is the full disclosure principle in accounting?

    Q: What is the full disclosure principle in accounting?

    A: The full disclosure principle states that financial records should include all of the information necessary for readers to understand those records. This is a largely subjective principle, but full disclosure doesn't mean that records should include irrelevant information.
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  • What is the ordinary annuity formula?

    Q: What is the ordinary annuity formula?

    A: The ordinary annuity formula appears as "P = r (PV) / 1 - (1+R) - n." The formula is used to calculate the periodic payment against an annuity when the rate and payments remain the same, with the first payment exactly one period away.
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  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of trade credit?

    Q: What are some advantages and disadvantages of trade credit?

    A: The greatest advantages of trade credit to businesses include the availability of zero percent financing and potential discounts on needed goods, while the biggest disadvantage is the risk of late payment fees. Trade credit is an arrangement between a supplier and a business to receive goods or services while delaying cash payment until a later date.
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  • Is revenue the same as sales?

    Q: Is revenue the same as sales?

    A: According to About.com, sales can account for a part or the whole of a company's revenue. Revenue is the amount of money that a company earns from its primary activities. If a company's primary activity is sales, such as a retail corporation, then revenue is the same as sales. If a company has different revenue streams, such as sales and rental income, then sales accounts for a portion of revenue.
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  • What is a capital contribution in accounting?

    Q: What is a capital contribution in accounting?

    A: About.com explains that a capital contribution in accounting is a segment of a company's recorded equity. The amount may be contributed using cash, equipment or other fixed assets. A common way for an owner to contribute capital to a company is to buy stocks.
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  • What is an accounts payable aging report?

    Q: What is an accounts payable aging report?

    A: An accounts payable aging report is an accounting detail that lists the due dates of payments that a company owes to vendors. It helps a company plan how it will use available cash by revealing which invoices have been outstanding for the longest time.
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  • What is a goods received note?

    Q: What is a goods received note?

    A: A goods received note is a receipt given to the supplier to confirm delivery or acceptance of goods by the customer. After the supplier receives this note, a payment invoice is sent to the customer.
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  • How do you define accounting ethics?

    Q: How do you define accounting ethics?

    A: Accounting ethics refers to the standards of right and wrong conduct that apply to the accounting profession. Various accounting organizations maintain professional codes of conduct to assist accountants with upholding ethical behavior.
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  • What is the definition of "revenue allocation"?

    Q: What is the definition of "revenue allocation"?

    A: Revenue allocation is the distribution or division of total income, or revenue, in a business, corporate or government structure. It involves a complex process that entails how and where to allocate revenues in order to ensure the viability of departments and maintain the operating structure of the organization.
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  • What is strategic management accounting?

    Q: What is strategic management accounting?

    A: According to a Houston Chronicle article by Grant Houston, strategic management accounting is a form of business inquiry that combines the accounting criteria of an organization with external factors that influence the organization, such as industry trends in costing, pricing, market share and resources. The goal of strategic management accounting is to provide companies with a comprehensive means to analyze future business decisions. It is more complex than management accounting.
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  • What are public funds?

    Q: What are public funds?

    A: According to the Community Tool Box, public funds are funds that come from the public treasury. It is revenue generated from tax payments, and it is used to fund things that benefit the public, including health, human service, environmental development, community development and other public service programs.
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  • What is the difference between accounting and bookkeeping?

    Q: What is the difference between accounting and bookkeeping?

    A: Bookkeeping involves recording basic accounting transactions such as recording invoices from suppliers, paying suppliers, processing payroll and recording cash received from customers. Bookkeeping is a subset of accounting. Accounting is usually more involved and includes activities such as creating financial statements, creating budgets and compiling tax returns.
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  • What is the difference between operating and capital budget?

    Q: What is the difference between operating and capital budget?

    A: Operating budgets pay for day-to-day expenses, while capital budgets pay for major capital, or investment, spending, writes Kevin Johnston in an article in the Houston Chronicle's Small Business section. Understanding the differences between these budgets is critical to effectively managing business finances.
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  • What does retro pay mean?

    Q: What does retro pay mean?

    A: Retro pay are wages due to an employee for work already performed or services already rendered, usually in association with a pay raise that requires some sort of payroll action before taking effect.
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  • What is the meaning of gross pay?

    Q: What is the meaning of gross pay?

    A: An employee’s gross pay is the money earned from working before taxes and other deductions. An employee’s gross pay includes the money they earn from commissions, overtime and tips.
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  • What is a sales analysis report?

    Q: What is a sales analysis report?

    A: According to the Houston Chronicle, a sales analysis report is a report that shows the trends that occur in a company's sales volume over time. It shows whether or not a company's sales are increasing or decreasing.
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  • What are typical accounting department functions?

    Q: What are typical accounting department functions?

    A: Accounting department duties vary from one firm to the next, but generally include tracking income and expenditures, attending to payrolls, reporting and setting financial controls. Accounting departments help to manage and monitor outgoing monetary expenses by making payments and lowering the price of bills to be paid. They regulate and watch income by tracking sales and processing incoming payments and ensure that all employees are paid according to salaries listed on the company payroll.
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