Many forms of life transport water from places where it is abundant to places where it is needed. Plants derive a great deal of water from the ground and transport it up to the stem, branches and leaves where it is needed for photosynthesis and turgidity. Many animals transport water in their bodies, and humans have devised complicated mechanisms that transport water throughout their settlements.
Water is a vital resource for all living organisms. Plants require water, as it is an important component necessary for the process of photosynthesis. Because of this, plants must move water from the ground all the way to the leaves, where photosynthesis takes place. For extremely tall plants, such as redwood trees, water must be transported as far as 400 feet.
Some animals, particularly those that live in deserts, store water in their bodies. This way, they transport water with them, enabling them to move away from permanent water sources. For example, many Australian toads carry water in their bladders.
Humans have transported water for thousands of years. Initially, humans simply carried water from rivers, lakes and ponds to their villages via clay pots or large seashells. Eventually, humans created metal and clay pipes, which they used to irrigate fields and provide water to cities and towns.