In the United States, the term "civil service" generally refers to any government job other than service in the military. Some examples of jobs specific to the government include working for the post office, in foreign affairs or in passport and visa services.Continue Reading
As the government employs many different types of workers for its facilities and needs, "civil service" can technically consist of everything from cooking in a cafeteria to working in Congress. The U.S. Department of State lists foreign affairs, personnel management, management analysis, general accounting and administration, budget administration, legal counsel, passport visa services, public affairs, contract procurement, and information technology management as civil service job categories. Working for the police and highway patrol are also examples of civil service positions.
The Federal Civil Service was formally created in 1871 to represent all positions in the government of the United States with the exception of those in the uniformed services. Most positions are in the "competitive service", where applicants compete with each other by taking tests and being awarded merit points for things like military service and previous related work experience. Some positions, mostly those with intelligence and security agencies, are in the "excepted service," where officials of those services have more discretion in recruiting and hiring.Learn more about Careers
The application process for a civil service exam varies by state; however, most states provide an online portal for job seekers to complete an application. Applicants can also visit a local city office to complete an application that requests personal information, such as an address and contact number, as well as a list of the candidate's job experience, skills and education.Full Answer >
A civil service test or exam is given to a job candidate who is entering any type of governmental or state position. This includes positions such as postal workers, air traffic controllers, law enforcement and other entry-level federal and state jobs.Full Answer >
FederalJobs.net and FederalPay.org both offer tables listing the general schedule for government civil service workers, as of 2015. FederalPay.org also offers a map with the average locality adjustment for each state.Full Answer >
The Office of Personnel Management is a U.S government agency that manages many aspects of federal government civil service, such as federal job openings, determining hiring policies and conducting background checks and security clearances for prospective employees. It also ensures workplace fairness and merit-based processes on a government-wide basis.Full Answer >