The most basic example of a partnership is a general partnership, in which two or more parties share in the profits and losses of a company. The split between partners can be at any percentage point, with the percent owned determining the exact amount of the profit or liability retained.
Partnerships are the most common types of multi-owner businesses in existence. To enter into a partnership, the parties involved must agree to a partnership split according to what each partner brings to the business. A partner may contribute funds, skills, property or anything else of accepted value in exchange for ownership.
The greatest advantage to a partnership is its simplicity. Earnings are split according to the partnership split, and taxes are paid by the individual parties based on each one's split of those earnings. Partnerships are also easy to set up, requiring only that an agreement be made between the partners.
The greatest disadvantage to a general partnership is one of liability. With a general partnership, the partners have unlimited liability for all debts of the business. This means that personal wealth outside of the business assets is in danger from collections if debts are unpaid. Even should the partnership dissolve or go bankrupt, the debts of the partnership can still be collected from the personal assets of any of the partners.