A landlord can evict a tenant by filing a suit called an unlawful or wrongful detainer in court, says the Law Library. The action or inaction of a landlord, such as refusing to provide heat, may constitute what is called a constructive eviction.Continue Reading
The first step in an eviction is terminating the tenancy by issuing adequate written notice, advises Nolo. Each state has its own laws outlining the procedures regarding how termination notices and eviction papers must be written and delivered. When a tenant fails to pay rent, a "pay rent or quit" notice is issued, which usually gives the tenant three-to-five days to pay the rent or move out. An eviction lawsuit is the next step if the tenant still fails to pay. If the landlord wins the suit, he must give the court judgment to a local law enforcement office, along with a fee. The law enforcement office then provides notice to the tenant that an officer will be back within a few days to escort the tenant off the property.
A tenant may avoid eviction for nonpayment of rent by paying all past due rent along with any legal costs incurred by the landlord, notes the Law Library. If the tenant cannot pay, eviction can still be avoided by demonstrating to the court the rent is not due because the landlord failed to maintain the habitability of the property, such as neglecting to make needed repairs.Learn more about Real Estate
When a landlord takes legal action against a tenant for failure to pay rent, the tenant has the right to proper notice of the proceedings against him and the opportunity to make up the back rent, according to FindLaw. The tenant also has the right to appeal.Full Answer >
A tenant rent increase notice is a letter written to tenants stating that the landlord is raising the rent. Most areas have laws that state the landlord must supply the rent increase notice before officially raising the rent, generally 30 to 60 days in advance, as of 2015.Full Answer >
A tenant has options if a landlord refuses to make repairs to keep the rental unit safe, such as calling government building inspections, withholding rent, repairing the issue and then deducting the costs of repair from the rent, Nolo notes. Moving out and suing the landlord is another option.Full Answer >
Free landlord letters can include a variety of forms and correspondences to inform a tenant of situations such as intent to enter the premises, a request for the tenant to pay outstanding rent or an eviction notice for violating terms of the lease. Free letters from tenants to landlords may include a notice declining to renew a lease or a request to complete repairs on the property.Full Answer >