Some European country codes include countries within the European Union, such as Germany, DE; Italy, IT; Ireland, IE; Poland, PL; and United Kingdom, UK. Country codes of the European Free Trade Association are Switzerland, CH; Iceland, IS; Liechtenstein, LI; and Norway, NO. Also included in European country codes are the European Candidate countries of Montenegro, ME; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, MK; Albania, AL; Serbia, RS; and Turkey, TR.
Some countries are not EU members or candidates but still have European country codes include. They the Eastern European Neighbourhood Policy countries of Armenia, AM; Belarus, BY; Georgia, GE; Moldova, MD; and Ukraine, UA; Southern European Neighborhood Policy countries include Lebanon, LB; Syria, SY; Egypt, EG; Libya, LY; and Israel, IL.
Country Codes are primarily used for international communications, mailings and data processing. They represent geographical codes and locations of countries and dependent lands, can be either alphabetic or numeric, and two-to-three letters or digits long. Several systems exist for these codes, including civilian and military. Codes are listed in alphabetical order of country, and not abbreviation. Other country codes exist for the purpose of completing international telephone calls, and are completely numeric.
In addition to communication purposes, country codes are also used in charts, graphs, maps, tables and statistical analyses.