What Does an Environmental Scientist Do?


Quick Answer

Environmental scientists help protect the environment by doing fieldwork tests, ensuring that companies and organizations adhere to government protection laws, writing reports and creating environmental protection plans. They analyze environmental problems, such as pollution, and assess the safety of the environment.

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Full Answer

Whereas environmental biologists focus on the animals found in ecosystems, the responsibility of environmental scientists revolves around the environment. Their job includes providing advice to businesses on how to clean their surroundings and how to maintain pollution-free land, air and water. They sometimes create efficient plans that help companies dispose of dangerous waste products. They encourage recycling or processing of plastics and other reusable materials. Some environmental scientists go to ecological areas to obtain samples and ensure that businesses follow environmental laws.

Environmental scientists can perform experiments with dyes to determine how chemicals scatter during toxic spills. They can also design maps and graphs that reveal air pollutants to assist politicians in making eco-friendly laws and standards. Their job also involves analyzing the effects of increasing human populations on wildlife. Moreover, environmental scientists may evaluate the quality of various bodies of water to identify contaminants and protect human health.

Aspiring environmental scientists should have a degree in environmental science, geology or other related fields. Excellent report-writing skills are necessary for recording and consolidating data.

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