An EMT, or emergency medical technician, provides emergency medical care such as CPR, administering to wounds and transporting patients to hospitals or other care facilities. In some states, depending on the level of certification, an EMT may also administer medication or intravenous fluids.
In most states, those providing emergency medical care earn either EMT-Basic or Advanced EMT certification. Those with EMT-Basic certification may assess the condition of injured people, provide emergency medical care, move injured people onto a backboard or gurney, use medical equipment to monitor vital signs and drive patients to a hospital or emergency center in an ambulance. Those with Advanced EMT certification perform many of the same duties as an EMT-Basic, but have the ability to administer certain medications. Other duties of both EMT-Basic and Advanced EMT include writing and submitting patient care reports, cleaning equipment and restocking supplies in an ambulance or work station.
EMTs with EMT-Basic certification must complete a one- or two-year training program that includes up to 150 hours of training. EMTs with Advanced EMT certification complete a similar training program, but must complete up to 300 hours of training. Both EMT types must pass a national exam and state exam, if necessary, to earn a state license.