Some senior housing apartments and apartment complexes require all residents to be at least 62 years old, while other senior housing requires at least one tenant to be 55 or older in at least 80 percent of its units, as SFGate reports. Income limits are 80 percent of the local county median income for some senior housing facilities and 50 percent of median income for others. Senior housing residents must also be U.S. citizens or eligible immigrants.
Although senior housing facilities are exempt from family status discrimination requirements under the Fair Housing Act, they cannot discriminate against tenants because of religion, race, color, sex and disabilities, explains the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Applicants for senior housing must verify their age according to federal requirements. Facilities can refuse tenancy to those who use illegal drugs or pose a threat to others. By law, visually impaired residents are able to keep their guide dogs even in facilities with no pet policies, and disabled individuals can modify their apartments as long as they agree to restore them when they leave.
Applicants for senior housing must submit personal information for every household member, the location of their current rental situation, an estimate of income for the coming year and references that can verify the income information, according to SFGate. The local Housing Authority may also schedule interviews with prospective tenants.