The educational requirements for becoming a speech therapist, also called a speech pathologist, include a bachelor's degree followed by a master's degree in speech-language pathology. While some colleges offer a bachelor's in communication sciences as preparation for the master's degree, a bachelor's in a specific field is not mandatory.
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association recommends a broad general educational background during the bachelor degree phase rather than a specific communications degree. The master's degree includes study in anatomy and physiology, communication disorders, swallowing disorders and diagnostic procedures. An extensive clinical rotation is also part of the program. The master's degree generally takes about two years of work.