A anesthesiologist must have a bachelor's degree and a graduate degree in medicine or osteopathy from an accredited medical school. An anesthesiologist must also complete a four-year residency program and, depending on her area of study, a fellowship program.
Every medical school has its own entry requirements, which generally include bachelor's degree in a science-related field, a Medical College Admissions Test score and a history of science-related extracurricular activities.
Prospective anesthesiologists can receive a medical degree in either allopathic and osteopathic medicine. Allopathic medicine focuses solely on the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions, while osteopathic medicine encompasses a holistic approach to healing in which treatment focuses on the patient as a whole and not individual symptoms.
After receiving a medical degree, a prospective anesthesiologist must complete a one-year internship followed by three years of residency. The internship requires one year of general medical practice, while the residency consists of three years of clinical anesthesiology study under a certified anesthesiologist. Those who successfully complete their residency are eligible to sit for the American Board of Anesthesiology Examination.
After their anesthesiology residency, students may also choose to complete a single year of optional subspecialty training in an area such as pain management or pediatric anesthesiology.