An easement agreement is a simple way to give someone the right to use land without transferring ownership. This could be either private easement or public easement. The agreement also can be long-term or short-term.
A private easement benefits an individual, while a public easement is usually appurtenant, meaning that the other party can stay with the land. A public easement allows land to be used by the public as roads or railroads, but the property owner can lay out limits on the use of the land. The most-important thing is that an easement agreement allows a person other than the owner of the property to use the land.