What Are Some Duties Performed by Emergency Room Nurses?


Quick Answer

Emergency room nurses perform triage, which involves assessing patients and assigning them to various categories based on their ailment or injury as well as their need for treatment, states Nurse Theory. Nurses identify medical conditions, document patients’ medical history and conduct physical exams that involve obtaining temperature, heart rate, weight, height and blood pressure readings of patients, according to Study.com.

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Full Answer

Emergency room nurses move patients from the emergency room to the general ward once they are out of danger in addition to cleaning wounds and providing medication to patients, reports Study.com. The nurses take blood work, provide intravenous therapy and maintain the supply of medical equipment in the emergency room, as Nurse Theory.

Emergency nurses take an active role in assisting surgeons in the course of treatment through roles such as managing bleeding while they assess the patient. During surgery, nurses prep doctors and assist in patient management by monitoring machines that measure patients' vital signs, according to the Houston Chronicle.

Emergency room nurses clean lacerations, bandage patients and maintain records of the patients they treat, according to Nurse Theory. By monitoring their patients’ health conditions, emergency room nurses provide plans for long-term care. They advise patients and their families about the best approaches for taking care of wounds following discharge from hospital.

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