Cropping patterns include mixed farming, multiple cropping, sole cropping, monoculture and crop rotation. The type of cropping pattern used will depend on the crop type as well as soil quality and availability of rainfall.
A cropping pattern is the yearly sequence and spatial arrangement of crops and fallow on a given area. Mixed farming involves the raising of crops, animals and trees. Multiple cropping is the growing of more than one crop on the same land in the period of a year, and sole cropping, or solid planting, is when one crop variety is grown at normal density, alone and in pure stands. The repeated growing of the same sole crop on the same land is monoculture, and crop rotation is the repetitive cultivation of an ordered succession of crops or crops and fallow on the same land.