What Are the Different Metaparadigms in Nursing Theory?


Quick Answer

The four metaparadigms of nursing theory include person, environment, health and nursing, according to the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Nursing. This type of theory-based curriculum is explained in the classroom before nurses practice in the field.

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Full Answer

The person metaparadigm includes individual patients, their families, peer groups, friends and communities. People provide emotional, physical and spiritual support to everyone involved in nursing care, and each person deserves to express himself, notes UAMS. Each person has a shared value within the nursing profession.

Environment refers to the interaction of external and internal factors that influence the care, health and healing of the patient. The health metaparadigm integrates emotional, physical, intellectual and spiritual well-being necessary to facilitate healing within the patient. This includes short-term health goals and long-term health initiatives over a lifetime, explains UAMS.

Nursing is considered an art and a science through which nurses restore, promote and maintain health of patients. Nurses use critical thinking skills, along with data, to help diagnose, plan and treat patients in a clinical setting, states UAMS.

Environment can also mean all factors that influence a patient's health, according to Current Nursing. The nursing metaparadigm includes the actions, characteristics and attributes of the person giving care to patients. Health delineates the overall condition of the patient, while the person metaparadigm involves everyone associated with the patient throughout the care regimen.

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