What Is the Difference Between Monoculture and Polyculture?

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Polyculture is the practice of growing multiple crops in one specific area of land, while monoculture means that an area of land only grows a single crop. A garden is an example of polyculture, and a cornfield is an example of monoculture.

Most early farming was monoculture. Although it produces an abundance of a particular crop, there are some disadvantages to monoculture. A farmer needs a large amount of land for each type of crop as well as a complex irrigation system.

Polyculture, by contrast, means all the crops are in one place, so less land and water are needed. It also produces higher crop yields.