CPR techniques are part of BLS practice, but BLS often includes other techniques necessary to support the patient during transit for more advanced care, as the Duke University Health System reports. CPR emphasises ventilation and chest compressions, whereas BLS also emphasises the use of automatic external defibrillators.
CPR certification is often directed at laypeople interested in assisting with basic emergency response medical care, as SureFire CPR notes. BLS training is required for medical professionals and first responders, such as emergency medical technicians, police officers and fire fighters, with exact requirements differing by state and region. Different CPR programs offer training for responding to adult, child and infant emergencies.
BLS focuses on the circulation, airway and breathing of the patient, and certified personnel are trained to recognize the injury or illness of the patient while responding using appropriate techniques, as the Duke University Health System explains. CPR is used by BLS practitioners in order to facilitate circulation and effective breathing. Certification in either BLS or CPR is available to laypeople and medical professionals although nonmedical professionals may not need the full BLS training, as CPR Certified reports. The CPR for the Professional Rescuer certification may be equivalent to the full BLS certification and provides medical personnel with an additional certification option.