Swiss entrepreneur Jean Henri Dunant came up with the idea of an international organization to aid wounded soldiers after he witnessed the Battle of Solferino in which nearly 40,000 troops died or received wounds in a single day. Dunant wanted the organization to provide help to the wounded regardless of their nationality. On October 29, 1863, delegates in Geneva, Switzerland, adopted the ten resolutions that became the Red Cross.Continue Reading
While Dunant's idea became the basis for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Clara Barton founded the American division of the organization. She became interested after visiting Europe at the end of the American Civil War and found out about the organization and the Geneva Convention. The Geneva Convention regulated the treatment of soldiers in wartime. Later, the Red Cross expanded its services to others including prisoners of war and civilians.
Barton returned home and founded the American Red Cross in 1881. She also lobbied the American government to ratify the Geneva Convention to protect those wounded during war, getting the desired results in 1882. On its official website, the American Red Cross explains that Barton also campaigned to include peacetime relief work as part of the organization's mission.Learn more about Corporations
There are many ways to support the troops, from simple gestures such as saying "thank you," to volunteering your time or giving money to a nonprofit group that helps veterans and soldiers on active duty. Another simple way to show you care is by purchasing an Operation USO Care Package.Full Answer >
On November 3, 1967, the Battle of Dak To began with 1,000 U.S. troops and 3,500 reinforcements from the U.S. 4th Division and the 173rd Airborne Brigade against four communist regiments with roughly 6,000 troops. The battle's climax took place from November 19th to November 22nd in a fight for Hill 875. The estimated number of fatalities for the North Vietnamese was 1,455, and the U.S. casualties included 285 killed, 985 wounded and 18 missing.Full Answer >
American troops won the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 against the British. It was America's first victory in the Revolutionary War.Full Answer >
Maps of the Battle of Little Bighorn typically look like many historical battlefield maps, in this case depicting the movements of General Custer's troops into the Medicine Tail Coulee against an enormous encampment of Lakota and Cheyenne warriors. Most maps of the battle also show prominent terrain features, such as the Little Bighorn River and Last Stand Hill.Full Answer >