Deed restrictions are very common in planned subdivisions. They are written agreements, which appear in the real property records of the county, that limit or restrict the owners as to what they are allowed to do with the property, according to Useful Community Development.
The deed, with which the seller signs over his rights to the purchaser of his property, contains a legal description of the property. Usually it includes size and lot measurements. The restrictions within the deed itself can be anything from not allowing a swimming pool in the backyard to dictating how high hedges or fences can be, states Useful Community Development. In most subdivisions, there is a home owners' association that oversees the restrictions for the whole community.
The reasons for deed restrictions are typically to make sure every homeowner in the community takes interest and pride in keeping his property presentable and in good condition in order to keep a uniform outside appearance among the homes, reports the City of Houston.
Most counties try to keep commercial and industrial facilities out of their subdivisions by putting certain restrictions into their deeds, states the City of Houston. Some deed restrictions may even prohibit the owners from running certain types of businesses from their homes.