Which Crops Are Harvested in the Northeast During the Fall?


Quick Answer

Crops that gardeners and farmers harvest in the Northeast during the fall include lettuce, collard greens, Chinese cabbage, kale and cauliflower. Other hardy fall vegetable crops include turnips, spinach, beets, broccoli and carrots. Gardeners should begin sowing lettuce around late July and sow it about every 14 days until early September to produce crops throughout autumn. Lettuce varieties such as Arctic King and Winter Density thrive in cold areas, so they continue to produce as the temperatures fall.

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Full Answer

Fall vegetable gardens in the Northeast need fertile soil, plenty of water and regular weeding to produce bountiful harvests. Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots and beets require extended time to mature, so gardeners should plant their seeds directly in the garden in July for a fall harvest. If gardeners want to save space, they can plant broccoli and beets in small nursery beds, and then transplant them to permanent locations three weeks later. However, transplanted carrots do not fare well.

Carrots, kale and broccoli thrive and produce rich flavors in moist environments with cool, even below-freezing, temperatures. Gardeners should sow cauliflower, collards, kale and Chinese cabbage around late July, and sow turnips and spinach seeds directly in the ground in late August.

Mail order or online catalogs such as Burpee and Pinetree Garden Seeds offer gardeners numerous varieties of fall vegetable seeds if local stores are out of stock.

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