Medical esthetician training requires courses in skin care and analysis, makeup, nail care and anatomy. Courses may include discussion about nutrition, psychology and pathology. Communications and chemistry courses are required, along with general education courses. Associate degrees in this field take two years to complete.
Certificates are available for access to entry-level jobs. Master esthetician programs exist for those who have completed their training and who want to advance their career. Community college and technical schools are often the primary sources that offer esthetician programs.
Courses are designed to meet a particular state's licensing requirements. Policies vary by state; however, most states require as much as 600 hours of training and an exam prior to issuing licenses. Regulation is set by a state's board of cosmetology.
Medical estheticians work in clinics, medical offices, spas and surgeons' offices. Many have a background in the healthcare field, such as nursing. Duties include preparing patients for pre- or post-operative skin care treatment, applying chemical peels or using laser therapy. Medical estheticians receive in-depth training about skin conditions, types and management. These types of estheticians differ from spa estheticians who focus on improving a patient's looks from a cosmetic point of view, where medical estheticians focus on a patient's skin treatments, healing and care.