Common policies and procedures for businesses include those governing employee conduct, equal opportunity, attendance and substance abuse. These policies and procedures are meant to protect both the business interests of employers and the rights of workers.
Employee conduct policies may outline workplace safety procedures, proper dress code, and computer and Internet usage. The policies mainly govern employee behavior and must be followed as part of the terms of employment. The policy may also outline disciplinary procedures, including termination or warnings.
Equal opportunity laws help ensure fair treatment of all employees at the workplace. Most common policies include affirmative action and anti-discrimination policies. The policies discourage independent contractors, supervisors and employees from engaging in inappropriate behavior in regards to sexual orientation, gender, race, and cultural and religious beliefs of others within the organization.
Attendance policies set guidelines for employee work schedules and outline how employees may notify superiors of late arrival or absence or schedule time off. The policy also directs disciplinary action for employees who do not adhere to schedules. Attendance policies typically include a set number of days within a specified time frame when employees may be absent from work.
Lastly, substance abuse policies control or prohibit the use of tobacco, alcohol or drugs on company property, during working hours or during company functions. The policy usually stipulates testing procedures for employees suspected of alcohol or drug abuse. Companies that allow employees to smoke on the business premises may outline smoking procedures to be followed.