The common levels of management in business organizations are typically top-level, middle-level and first-level management. All three levels of management require time spent on organizing, planning, leading and controlling. Managers of all levels also fill specific management roles, such as decisional, interpersonal and informational roles.
Top-level managers are usually senior management or executives and often hold a position at the top of the organization. Common top-level management titles are chief executive officer, president, chairperson of the board and corporate head. Top-level managers do not typically handle day-to-day operations but set the long-term goals and operating philosophy of the company. Most top managers have many years of experience within the company or hired from top management positions in other companies.
Middle managers often hold positions like general manager, plant manager and regional manager. Middle-level management carries out the goals set by top management by setting goals within their departments. Most middle managers assist first-level management in achieving goals set by the company. Middle managers also provide feedback and advice to top-level management regarding day-to-day operations of the company.
First-level managers, also known as first-line managers and supervisors, are responsible for overseeing day-to-day functions of the company and employees. Most first-line managers do not set goals for the company, but directly affect worker productivity and performance.