Common duties of a security officer include patrolling and protecting property against theft, terrorist threats, destruction or other illegal activities, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Security officers perform routine security checks and use equipment such as alarms and surveillance cameras to assist with the protection of property.
Security guards monitor employees, vendors and visitors as they enter and depart from the area officers are charged with protecting. Security personnel are often responsible for preparing and maintaining documentation of their observations.
Security officers work in a variety of settings including office buildings, banks, sports arenas, schools, federal buildings and military bases. The responsibilities and duties of a security guard vary depending upon his employer’s guidelines. Some security personnel may be required to carry a weapon and detain violators.
A high school diploma or GED is the standard minimum educational requirement for most security officer positions. On-the-job training is often provided for security guards. Training areas may include emergency procedures, proper documentation protocol, public relations and first aid. Armed officers are frequently required to participate in weapons training prior to assuming their assignments.
Individuals considering a career in the security industry should possess the ability to make quick decisions, remain vigilant at all times and remain calm in distressing situations. Physical fitness is also recommended in the event that a physical altercation or other emergency should occur.