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What does a care plan for schizophrenia usually involve?

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Quick Answer

A care plan for schizophrenia typically involves anti-psychotic medications to reduce the symptoms of the mental illness, as well as psychosocial treatments, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Other treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy, self help groups, family involvement and rehabilitation programs.

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Full Answer

Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that changes the way people think and behave, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms associated with the condition and to help control the thoughts and actions of someone with the disorder. People with schizophrenia may harm themselves or others, are paranoid, and may have controlling thoughts that someone is trying to hurt them or their loved ones. This can cause them to act irrationally, which the anti-psychotic medications help to keep under control.

Some common anti-psychotic medications given to people with schizophrenia are perphenazine, chlorpromazine, and fluphenazine. A newer medication given to people with this mental disorder is clozapine, which helps to reduce hallucinations and helps the individual cope better with reality. After the medications begin taking effect, the care typically involves rehabilitation. This helps the individual get through his daily life, such as holding on to a job and communicating with friends and loved ones. Cognitive behavioral therapy is another common part of treatment, which helps with the individual's behavior and thoughts. These approaches are in addition to taking the medications.

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