Get an explanation of short-term disability laws by speaking to a human resources benefits specialist, advises America's Job Exchange. Benefits specialists provide answers and information concerning federal and state regulations that govern employees' medical situations. Employers do not create medical leave laws, rather, they follow federal and state regulations pertaining to short-term disability, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Social Security Disability Insurance guidelines, notes the Houston Chronicle.Continue Reading
Short-term disability benefits protect an employee's job but normally don't provide any financial compensation, explains the Houston Chronicle. State and federal short-term disability programs usually require employees to take advantage of any unused sick or vacation time before they are eligible for assistance. In the case of an accident on the job, workers' compensation offers financial help and other benefits. Social Security disability applies to medical conditions that last at least one year and calculates benefits based on work history, the nature of the condition and the employee's age.
The Family and Medical Leave Act guarantees workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year for temporary health issues, explains the Office of Disability Employment Policy. This statute also covers situations in which an employee must take time off work to care for a family member. The act defines short-term disability in a broader sense and applies to pregnancy and health issues that require periodic treatment. Employees must have at least a year of work history and a minimum of 1,250 hours with their employer to be eligible for family or medical leave under the act.Learn more about HR