It is possible for a single person with low income to apply for Medicaid. However, whether or not the application is ultimately approved will vary based on the income requirements set by the person's state of residence. Coverage and costs can also very by state.
Medicaid is a federal insurance program that is administered at the state level. It is known as an insurance plan for individuals and families that are low income, as well as pregnant women, individuals with disabilities and the elderly. While Medicaid is administered at the state level, and requirements will vary by state, all Medicaid programs are required to follow the federal guidelines.
The factors that determine whether or not a single person will qualify for Medicaid include the total household size, the person's income compared to the federal poverty level, their age and if any disabilities exist. For example, in the state of New York, a single person must have an annual income of no more than $16,105 as of January 2015. This requirement is for a single person without children in the household. The income requirement for someone who is blind, disabled or over the age of 65 decreases to $9,700 for a single person as of January 2015.