To receive a Medicaid card, an individual needs to apply to his state's Department of Health and Human Services, according to HealthCare.gov. In the state of Florida, Medicaid cards are referred to as "gold" cards, but in other states, the actual color of the cards may vary.
The Medicaid program is administered by local state governments. Eligibility requirements and services vary from state to state. Eligibility for Medicaid is determined by income and household size. All U.S. residents can find out if they are eligible for Medicaid by visiting the Affordable Care Act website. Based on the answers to the application screening questions, the individual may be referred to the department that administers his state's Medicaid program, reports HealthCare.gov.
An individual also needs to apply directly to his state's agency, and he may be required to attend a face-to-face interview as part of the application process. Documents to prove income and household size are required. While income requirements vary by state, an individual is eligible for Medicaid if his income is less than the federal poverty level. The definition of the federal poverty level changes each year. As of 2015, the federal poverty level is $11,670 for an individual and $23,850 for a family of four, according to HealthCare.gov.