As of 2015, individuals and organizations download, fill out and submit applications for free grants from 26 federal agencies that award grants through the Grants.gov website. Students complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid to apply for educational grants on the FAFSA.ed.gov website, according to Federal Student Aid.
Before initiating the lengthy process of applying for grants from a federal agency, individuals or organizations must determine if they are legally eligible to receive the funding, according to Grants.gov. Although some grants are available to individuals, most are awarded to organizations such as education organizations, government organizations, public housing organizations, non-profits and small businesses. Once applicants find the grant they are applying for, they click on Download the Application Package to open or save the application package to their computer. Next, they complete the application package offline, saving any changes as they work. After finishing the application, applicants upload it to Grants.gov using the Save & Submit button and track the status of their submission online.
Students apply for need-based Federal Pell Grants, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants and Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education Grants on the FAFSA.ed.gov website, according to Federal Student Aid, an office of the U.S. Department of Education. Students create an account, fill out the forms and send student aid reports to colleges they apply to without cost. Alternatively, students can download, fill in, print out and mail a PDF FAFSA or request a paper FAFSA via the website.