To familiarize yourself with surveying terms, study glossaries of surveying terms and commonly used surveyors' slang from resources such as DirectLineSoftware.com and LandSurveyorsUnited.com. ElliotSurveying.org is another resource that has information on the industry terms of surveying.
Direct Line Software provides a list of terms related to surveying and divided into categories, including surveyors' abbreviations, standard surveying terms and surveyors' slang. Esoteric units of measurement, such as the furlong and the virgate, are also listed on the website.
Land Surveyors United's website offers a large alphabetized list of acronyms, slang, technical terms and regulations related to surveying. ElliotSurveying.com contains a glossary and dictionary of surveying terms especially related to mining, boundaries, development, easement, mapping and construction.