Electrician apprenticeship programs are offered by the Electricians Union and the National Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee, and the California Apprenticeship Coordinators Association. To enter an apprenticeship program, candidates must be 18, have a high school diploma or the equivalent, and receive a passing score on an aptitude test.
Other requirements including one year study of algebra and passing a substance abuse screening. Some electrical contractors conduct their own training programs, and some electricians first work as a helper before entering an apprenticeship program.
Apprenticeship programs typically last four or five years. For each year of apprenticeship, apprentices need to complete a minimum of 144 hours of technical training in a classroom plus 2,000 hours of on-the-job paid training. Technical training covers topics such as electrical theory, blueprint reading, electrical code requirements, mathematics and safety practices. Additional specialized training may relate to soldering, communications systems, elevators and fire alarm systems.