Medicare coverage can be received before age 65 if certain conditions are met, according to the Medicare Rights Center. These benefits are available to U.S. citizens as well as people with resident visas who have lived in the United States for five consecutive years.
The applicant must also meet one of three additional conditions in order to qualify, the Medicare Rights Center explains. If he has a disability and has been receiving Social Security Disability Insurance for 24 months, he is automatically enrolled in Medicare. Anyone who has been diagnosed with end-stage renal disease and is receiving dialysis or had a kidney transplant can apply for Medicare. Anyone diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is automatically enrolled in Medicare after receiving Social Security Disability Insurance.