What Are Bovine Diseases?

What Are Bovine Diseases?

Bovine diseases are those that affect cattle. Some bovine respiratory diseases include bluetongue and fog fever, while reproductive bovine diseases include brucellosis, bovine trichomoniasis and neosporosis, according to The Cattle Site. There are also metabolic, enteric, neurological and other bovine disease categories.

Respiratory diseases in cattle are common and usually come with symptoms like rapid, shallow breathing, eye and nasal discharge, salivation, and coughing, notes The Cattle Site. Bovine viral diarrhea, calf diphtheria or pneumonia, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, tuberculosis, and trypanosomosis are respiratory diseases.

Reproductive bovine diseases are generally difficult to identify prior to establishment within a herd, explains The Cattle Site. Poor rates of fertility, stillbirths and abortions, and discharge are common symptoms of reproductive illnesses in cattle. Repeat breeding syndrome, leptospirosis and cystic ovarian disease are common reproductive diseases in cattle.

Nutritional deficiencies cause metabolic disorders in cattle, reports The Cattle Site. Weight loss, loss of appetite, drop in yields and depression are common metabolic problems. Rumen acidosis, fatty liver and acetonaemia are metabolic diseases.

Some bovine diseases are contagious, with major outbreaks causing serious problems for the cattle industry and individual herds, according to The Cattle Site. The World Animal Health Organization requires reporting of these diseases, including anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue, Rift Valley fever, and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. Some diseases can pass between humans and cattle, including brucellosis, leptospirosis, rabies and salmonella.

Other bovine diseases affect the skin, eyes and feet, reports The Cattle Site. These include mange, lice, ringworm, wooden tongue and sole ulcer. Diseases affecting the udders include mastitis and ulcerative mamillitis.